I'm EunHo(은호) from India(인도)! I'm learning Korean(한국어) since 1 year(1년) and can write a 150 word paragraph easily 😅.
(Disclaimer: These phrases are informal and are strictly restricted to friends and younger people you are familiar with. Never use them to strangers as they are consided rude)
Before we start, don't forget to read the first part!^^
Shall we begin ? 시작할까요?
1. 고마워 (Komawo)
If your friend has given you a gift, you can use this phrase. 고마워 literally translated to Thank You. This phrase can be heard in K-Dramas (if you watch any).
Let's look at an example::
It's Minji's Birthday (생일) and her older brother, Minwoo (오빠) gives her a gift (선물).
In that case, Minji will use 고마워.
It is to be noted that you should use the polite forms 감사합니다 or 고맙습니다 if you're talking with an elder or strangers.
Modern Koreans often use 감사 to say Thank You.
Fact Time: Korean siblings often(rarely don't ) share their middle name ( second syllable) or first name (first syllable) with their own siblings other than their surname.
For e.g.:: In case of Minwoo and Minji, they share their First name i.e. Min.
2. 몇 시야? ( Myeot Shiya?)
몇 시야? literally translates to What's the time ?. You can add 지금 in front of this phrase; but 지금 is usually dropped when asking the question.
Let's understand this an example ::
하루: (지금)몇 시야?
하민: 5시 30분 (다섯 시 삼십분)
HaRu: What's the time (now) ?
HaMin: (It's) 5:30
Note: Koreans use two number systems: Native Korean and Sino-Korean number systems. For some strange reason I still don't know they use Native Korean numbers for hours and Sino Korean number for minutes while saying the time.
3. 잘 가 ( Jaal Ga )
잘 가 literally translates to 'Go well'. You can use this phrase to your friend or the person you're really informal with. This phrase means 'Bye' and can be used instead of 안녕.
You can also use 다음에 봐 or See You Again instead of the above two.
To me, 잘 가 has a feeling of care. So you can use this phrase to the person you you care a lot.
Add 요 to make it 잘 가요 to make it formal.
4. 당연하지 (Dangyeonhaji)
You can use 당연하지 when you want to say Of course. This phrase again is used a lot of times in K-Dramas. It's usually used among friends and co-workers.
Let's look at an example::
한나: (너) 점심 먹을거야?
HanNa: Will (you) eat lunch?
RuBi: Of course!
5. 괜찮아 (Gwenchanha)(Pronounciation : Kenchana)
괜찮아 can be used in many ways. It has multiple meanings depending on the context.
Let's look at it's uses-
I. NuRi fell down from the stairs, so his friend is asking him if he's okay.
In this case NuRi's friend will use '괜찮아?'
Meaning : 괜찮아? --- Are you okay?
괜찮아. --- I'm okay.
II. If someone says you 고마워 or 감사, you can react with 괜찮아.
This time it means No problem or simply it's okay.
6. 몇 살이야? (Myeot Saliya ?)
몇 살이야? literally translates to 'How old are you?'. Strictly restrict it to your friend circle as it is extremely rude to use it even to your mom (remember the flying slipper?:'))
Example :::: ;))))
민규: 몇 살이야?
민혁: 17살. (열일곱)
MinGyu: How old are you ?
MinHyeok: 17 years (old). (Seventeen)
7. 만나서 반가워 (Mannaseo Bangawo)
만나서 반가워 means Nice to meet you. You can use it your 후배(Juniors) at work at most of the time if they're new and you don't know them.
Add 요 at the end if the phrase and it becomes formal!
8. _______ 어디야? ( ____ Eodiya?)
Let's understand this with an example first !
화장실 어디야 ? (Hwajanshil eodiya?)
Where is the toilet?
어디야 means 'Where'. However it sits at the end of the sentence usually.
Literal meaning of the above sentence:
Toilet (is) where?
Hope you liked it ;))
For any queries you can follow me and DM me on my personal Instagram account @__an_idiosyncratic__