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How To Make More Complex Korean Sentences | Complete Guide

Updated: 8 hours ago




In this post, I'll go over Korean sentence structure and the sentence structure that is used for making "complex" sentences. I'll go over some basic sentences first and then show you the complete guide to making longer sentences a little later in the post. Check Instagram for my post on this!


If You Don't Know How To Make Sentences At All - This Is For You:

Korean Vs English

English Sentence Structure

> SVO (subject - verb - object)

Ex: I Love You

He eats food

They are making ramen

She hates me


Korean Sentence Structure

> SOV (subject - object - verb)


Ex: I You Love = 나는 너를 사랑하다

He food eats

They ramen are making

She me hates



Important Rule To Remember: The Verb Will Always Go At The End Of A Sentence.


You should have at least already learned about or be learning about particles like 은/는 (subject marking particle) & 을/를(object marking particle) so that this post won't confuse you too much. At least knowing their functions will help you, but it's not necessary for making very basic sentences.


Different Sentence Structures For Making Basic Sentences


1.) Subject + Noun


> 저는 학생이다 - I am a student

학생 = student

이다 = to be


2.) Subject + Verb

> 저는 공부하다 - I study/ I am studying

공부하다 = to study


3.) Subject + Adjective


> 여자는 예쁘다 - The woman Is pretty

여자 = woman

예쁘다 = to be pretty


4.) Subject + Object + Verb

You can make full sentences without the subject but only when It's obvious to the other person or people your talking to


(저는) 한국어 공부하다 - I study Korean

(저는) 사과를 먹다 - I eat apples

(저는) 텔레비전을 보다 - I watch TV


Let's Practice Basic Sentence Structure:

1.) I eat chicken

2.) My mom Is a doctor

3.) The man Is smart

4.) I listen to music

5.) This song Is good


Word Bank:

치킨 | 의사 | 좋다 | 먹다 | 남자 | 음악 | 엄마 |

똑똑하다 | 듣다 | 노래 |

Answers will be revealed at the end!

___________


WARNING: this next section is mostly for learners who have pretty much mastered making basic sentences and want to know how to make longer and more complex sentences.


COMPLEX SENTENCE STRUCTURE:

Who (subject)

When (time)

Where (place)

What (object)

How (adverb)

Verb (to do/be)


누구 | 언제 | 어디 | | 어떻게 | 하다


Example Sentence :

저는 요즘 집에서 한국어를 열심히 공부합니다.

I study Korean at home very hard these days.


I tried to use things like 'bold, Italicize, and underline' to show each part off.


Practice Using Complex Sentence Structure :

1.) My dog will play at the park today

2.) I went to the pharmacy and bought a lot of medicine yesterday.

3.) We studied hard at school this week

4.) I will eat toast deliciously this morning

5.) The student Is doing their homework quickly right now


ANSWERS:

Basic Sentence Structure Practice:

1.) I eat chicken

저는 치킨을 먹다

2.) My mom Is a doctor

우리 엄마는 의사다

3.) The man Is smart

남자는 똑똑하다

4.) I listen to music

저는 음악을 듣다

5.) This song Is good

이 노래는 좋다


Complex Sentence Structure Practice:

1.) My dog will play at the park today

저의 개는 오늘 공원에서 놀거예요.

2.) I went to the pharmacy and bought a lot of medicine yesterday.

저는 어제 약국에 가서 약을 많이 샀어요.

3.) We studied hard at school this week

우리는 이번주에 학교에서 열심히 공부했어요.

4.) I will eat toast deliciously this morning

저는 오늘 아침에 토스트를 맛있게 먹을거예요/먹겠어요

5.) The student Is doing their homework quickly right now

그 학생은 지금 숙제를 빨리 하고 있어요/해요


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